THE UNIQUE HISTORY OF INTERNET DOMAINS
In the information and Internet age, we are living in, it is easy to take for granted the shear mammoth size that the Internet has become. In less than one generation, we have been front row for the biggest and most innovative changes in human history. Among them, no single change has had as much impact as the Internet.
We use the Internet or information super-highway to share information, ideas, and culture. We rely on it to find products and services and even share life's milestones with friends and family. The Internet itself is, simply put, a large network of addresses known as domains. These days, anyone and anything can have its own domain for relatively cheap. The domain registries that make up the routing system of the Internet has changed, by leaps and bounds, since its inception in the mid-80's. Let us explore the history of the Internet domain with key facts and dates in its history, found on Websitebuilderau.
1983 – Paul Mockapetris invents the domain name system and framework for routing Internet users to specific addresses, known as domains.
1985 – March 15th marks the registration of the first domain on the Internet. The "Symbolics Computer Corporation" from Cambridge, Massachusetts, registers Symbolics.com. The registration of domains is free and Apple.com is registered as the 64th domain on the Internet.
1997 – The Chinese government begins their Internet program with the inauguration of the "China Internet Network Information Center".
1998 – ICANN, the body that manages the global domain system, is formed under the department of commerce in America. The domain name system is privatized later that same year.
2000 – "Verisign" acquires "Network Solutions," that was the primary source of domain registration. Until the acquisition, Network Solutions was the primary seller of .com, .net and .org sites.
2003 – The "Truth in Domain Name Act" is submitted to Congress, to stop the registration of misleading domain names and prevent their usage. The act goes on to be one of the first pieces of legislation that attempts to bridle the Internet and prevent its misuse. The act is seen as the first piece of Internet legislation and many protest its implementation.
2005 – The US government introduces the DNS and IP systems, to ensure Internet security and prevent cybercrimes. The systems are received with mixed reviews, though most agree it will add to the Internets long-term stability.
2007 – Homeaway.com purchases VacationRentals.com for a whopping 38 million USD, beginning the domain bubble and causing a rapid inflation on prime domain names. This bubble continues for a few years and begins the business model of buying potentially popular domain names and parking them for resale.
2014 – More than 100 new non –government TLDs (Top Level Domains) are added. A TLD refers to the .com or .net, and now TLDs include many other options than the primary three, sold by Network Solutions during the Internet's early years.
2016 – 326.4 million TLDs are registered. Companies including Google, Apple and other tech giants purchase and register their own unique TLDs.
2017 – 1500 TLDs are estimated to still be available